SYNCHRONIZED HISTORY. IRL-SPN
The cave paintings of the Altamira Caves (Cantabria) belong to the so-called Magdalenian man
The first settlers of the Peninsula received the name of Iberians by the Greeks, it is believed that they settled between 5,000 and 3,000 BC. About 500 BC his sculptures began to stand out
Around this era appear the first big megalithics constructions in Ireland
Is estimated that aroun 3.300 bC was built the Burial Mound of Newgrange
The settlement and the necropolis of los Millares could be the biggest “city” in the iberian peninsula
Its supposed that around these years was built the Monument of the Giants Ring Henge in Ireland
Estimated first ellaborations of bronze tools
According to the legend about the Iberians Milesios or Milesians, descendants of King Mile of Espáin, they would arrive in Ireland around 1,200 BC, coming from Galicia
Arrival of the first Celts to the Peninsula, coming from the center of Europe
Arrival of first Celts Tribes to Ireland
Around V Century bC appears the first iberians sculptures
Viriato, the so-called “terror of Rome”, dies, a Lusitanian leader who faced the expansion of Rome in Hispania in the middle of the second century BC
First Hispanic Roman Emperor Trajan born
Is born in Hispania Adrian the second Roman hispanic Emperor
Segovia Aqueduct and The Hercules Tower (Coruña) are built (around that year)
The High Kingdom of Tara begins
Hispania becomes a Roman Province
Christianity begins to be the Religion of the State.
First notices of Hispanic moansteries. Toledo Council I.
At the age of 16 Saint Patrick is Kidnapped and sold as a slave in Northern Ireland.
German People stablish in the Iberian Peninsula
Saint Patrick uses the Shamrock for the first time to explain the Holy Trinity.
Saint Patrick, Patron of Ireland, dies on March 17.
The Germanic Visigoths arrive in mass into the peninsula.
Around this time, Irish Monks bring a Alembic form the middle east to make perfume.
Irish Monk Columba (Colum Cille) settles on the Scottish island of Iona.
On August 22, Saint Columba claims to have seen a monster in Loch Ness.
The emperor Justinian I died, what encoureged the visigoths.
Visigoths begin the conquest of Iberia.
Toledo becomes the capital of the kingdom.
The Cerro de los Angeles, the monument of the sacred heart, is erected in the geographical center of Spain.
Books are written in Latin.
The visigoth King Recared converts to Catholicism.
Visigoth King Witiza conquered Galicia to the sueves.
Assembly on Hill of Tara to prevent Irish Women from participating in battle.
Muslim Invasion of the Iberian Peninsula.
The Britons are defeated by the Gaelic Kingdom Dalriada.
Beginning of the Christian reconquest. Battle of Covadonga (Asturias).
Intense Famine and Plague in Ireland.
King Alphons II (the chaste) of Asturias bit the muslims in Astorga. Is the first pilgrim to Santiago de Compostela (The Way)
Vikings begins the invasion of Ireland.
“Toledean night” The Emir Alhaken I kills 400 noble of Toledo.
The “Book of Kells” a graphic manuscript of the 4 Gospels is written.
First Landing of the Vikings in the North of the peninsula, defeated by Ramiro I of Asturias.
Battle of Clavijo or of Alberda, Ramiro I defeated the muslims.
Vikings led by Olaf “The White” land in Dublin and destroy the city.
Polvorosa´s Battle (Benavente), the christian King Alfonso III against the muslims.
Irish Monks move the relics of Saint Columba from the Isle of Iona to Kells (Ireland)
Battle of Simancas (Valladolid). Ramiro II de León defeated a 100.000 muslim army.
The Great Mosque of Cordoba is finished and serves as a religious and cultural center.
Brian Boru is elected as King of Munster.
King Sancho II orders the construction of Fuenterrabia´s Castle in Guipuzcoa (Basque Country).
Battle of Tara, the king of Meath defeats the Vikings.
Starts the 11 Century known as the Crusades Century.
Summit of the Cordoba´s Caliphate in the south of the Iberian Peninsula.
Brian Boru King of all Ireland.
Normans attack Galicia.
Battle of Clontarf: The Irish defeat the Vikings.
The Union of the Leon and Castile Kingdoms
People in Ireland start to speak a late Irish
El Cid conquers Valencia from the muslims (Almoravids)
The Bushmills distillery in northern Ireland begins producing Whiskey.
The king of Aragon, Alfonso “The Battler”, conquers Zaragoza from the muslims.
Alfonso VIII is crowned King of Castile
Norman Invasion of Ireland.
Conquest and foundation of Teruel.
Henry II King of England lands in Ireland.
Battle of Navas de tolosa marks the end of muslim power in Spain.
Henry the III of England publishes the Magnae Hibernae to ensure the rights of angle-normands in Ireland.
The University of Salamanca is founded by King Alfonso IX.
King Alfonso X “The wise”, King of Castile and Leon (1252-1284) is born. Begins the Construction of the Burgos Cathedral, first Gothic cathedral in Spain.
America is discovered by the Kingdom of Spain.
The English try to ban the use of the Irish language, but due to its extension is canceled
The Reconquest Ends with the capture of Granada
Tordesillas (Valladolid) Treaty: Distribution of the areas of America between Spain and Portugal.
The Irish Parlament of Drogheda is abolished and its authority returns to Westminster.
Navarra becomes a part of Spain. All the Kingdom united.
The First Multilingual Bible is published in Spain by Cisneros Cardinal
Elcano arrives in Spain after completing the first round the world voyage
The Dominican Francisco de Vitoria publishes in Valladolid and Salamanca the Right of Indians (and the Human Rights).
Felipe II was born in Valladolid.
The Earl of Kildare is sent to the Tower of London prison on charges of treason.
King Carlos I creates the Spanish Marine Infantry, the first landing force in the world.
Henry VIII Protestant King, and contempt for catholics.
Henry VIII declares himself king of England and Ireland.
The Spanish scientist Miguel Servet (discoverer of blood circulation) is burned in Switzerland instigated by the protestant Calvin
Prince Felipe (Felipe II) gets married with his cousin Mary I of England.
A papal bull reconciles Rome with Ireland.
The reign of Felipe II begins
Spain defeats Turkey in the battle of Lepanto
First Irish language (gaelic) Book printed in Dublin.
Miguel de Cervantes is taken prisoner by the berbers
Irish uprising against the English. Spanish troops land in Munster to support them.
Spain becomes the greatest power of the world with Felipe II
The Irish Earl of Ormond institutes the “scorched earth” policy in Munster.
The North of Flanders (Protestant) of William of Orange becomes independent from Spain.
The 600 soldiers sent by Rome are massacred by the English forces of Walter Raleigh.
The pirate Francis Drake sacks Cadiz (south of Spain) and destroys part of the Spanish Armada
The catholic Mary I is executed in England by Elizabeth I
The Grand Armada leaves Lisbon on May 20 bound for England.
The Sapnish Navy in aid of the Irish is shipwrecked by storms on the ulster coast.
Captain Francisco de Cuéllar of the Great Navy is saved from drowning on the Irish coast of Sligo, where more than 1,000 Spanish soldiers drowned. De Cuellar begins to walk through Ireland and writes his famous letter to Felipe II
The first Irish College in Spain is founded.
The first potato is planted in Ireland by Sir Walter Raleigh.
First Bull running in Pamplona.
Irish count Red Hugh O´Donell escapes from Dublin Catle Prison.
Trinity College is founded in Dublin.
A Spanish Fleet departs from Lisbon to Ireland.
Felipe II dies at the age of 71, is succeded by his 20 year old son Felipe III.
The Irish led by Hugh O´neill defeated the British in the battle of Yellow Ford.
The Capital of Spain is moved to Valladolid, until 1606.
Juan de Aguila surrenders in Kinsale to British troops.
Battle of Kinsale with Irish and Spanish against the English.
Red Hugh O´Donell Dies in Simancas (Valladolid).
The English Catholic comes to Valladolid to request help from Felipe III against the Protestant English repression. His image is what inspires the Vendetta mask
Elisabeth I of England Dies.
The English commanded by Lord Mountjoy defeat the Irish.
The Peace of London is signed between James I of England and Felipe II of Spain.
Felipe IV is Born in Valladolid
Jesuits and other Catholic priests are outlawed in Ireland.
The Universities of Oviedo and Pamplona are founded.
The leaders of the main irish tribes head to Spain and Italy seeking aid.
Bushmills begins distilling its famous Whiskey.
Felipe III orders the expulsion of the Moors from Spain.
English Protestants settle in Ireland.
English Protestants Settlers Plantation begins in Derry, renamed Londonderry
Netherlands swers fidelity to Spain. Miguel de Cervantes, the greatest spanish universal writer, dies at 69.
Capture of Breda (Netherlands) by the Spanish Tercios de Espínola (Picture of the spears)
Charles I is crowned King of England, Ireland and Scotland until his beheading.
The Catalan Republic is declared to be placed under the Protectorate of France.
Uprising of the Irish Clans. Thousands of English and Scots are Killed.
The Catholic rebellion is crushed by Oliver Cromwell, who takes away the land of 44000 irish people.
Spain recognizes the independence of the Netherlands.
Plague epidemic in Seville
Cromwell ends Irish Uprising.
Cromwell devastates Drogheda killing 3.000 inhabitants and destroying Catholic churches.
English troops occupy Limerick.
Capitulation of Barcelona. End of els Segadors war.
Cromwell gains dictatorial powers as “Lord protector” of England, Ireland and Scotland.
The priest Francisco Piquer, creator of Monte de Piedad, is born.
Louis XIV of France declares war on Spain for the succession of Felipe IV.
Writer Jonathan Swift (“Gulliver´s travels”) is born in Ireland.
The Playwright Calderón de la Barca from “The mayor Zalamea”, Life is a dream”… dies.
King Louis XIV of France sends an aid expedition to James II of Ireland.
The National side defeats the republican side.
The Dominican Cristóbal Torres creates the University del Rosario in Bogotá (Colombia).
King Charles II of England dies converting to Catholicism.
The Hero of the Spanish Army Blas de Lezo is Born in Guipuzcoa.
The Catholic former King of England James II disembarks in Ireland.
Spain goes to war with France.
William of Orange defeats the Catholics.
Peace Treaty between France and Spain. Haiti is yielded.
New Laws prohibit burials in Catholic cemeteries and command the exile of all priests.
First Bourbon King in Spain, Felipe de Anjou.
Catholics cannot buy land.
English and Dutch troops occupy Gibraltar.
New criminal Laws against land ownership by Irish Catholics.
Decree of Felipe V oredering his vassals to only buy national cloths and silks.
Jonathan Swift incites a Boycott on English products.
Catholics have no right to vote.
An English fleet attacks the Spanish port of Guaira in the Caribbean.
Handels´s “Messiah” is first played in public in Dublin.
Construction of the Canal de Castilla begins. To transfer the grain of Castile to the ports of the North of Spain.
St. Patrick´s Day is celebrated for the first time on March 17 in Boston (USA).
Carlos III accepts the Spanish throne.
Arthur Guinness buys a distillery in Dublin and starts brewing its stout.
The building of Burgos Cathedral is completed.
Irish Rebel Wolfe Tone is Born.
Nano Nagle founds the Sisters of the Pesentation. Back when it was a crime for a catholic to teach.
Spain in war against England supporting the independence of the United States. Spain Besieges Gibraltar.
Sheeps are introduced into Ireland from Scotland.
The red and yellow flag is appointed as the official Spanish Flag.
Ulster Catholic farmers group together in the secret society “The Defenders”.
French fleet led by Wolfe Tone fails.
Spain and France against the English.
The Parliament of Ireland is moved to England. Originating the Union Jack.
Balmis Expedition against smallpox, which will take the cure to spanish America and the Philippines.
The Irish Nationalist leader Robert Emmet, is hanged.
Spanish Popular uprising against the French invasion.
The Veto of Controversy prevents Catholics from being appointed to bishop vacancies.
The First Spanish Constitution (La Pepa) is created.
The English build the “Martello” towers to protect the ports from the French.
General Carlos O´Donell founds the Casa de la Beneficencia in Valladolid.
Uprising in Granja (Segovia) by the Carlist suitors against King Fernando VII.
Cholera epidemic in Ireland.
New Spanish constitution, with peaceful alternations of political parties and parlamentary monarchy.
First railways in Ireland.
A conservative constitution is created.
More than One Million dead and exiled Irish people.
The First Spanish railway is created.
Massive emigration of Irish people to the USA, Canada and Australia.
“Norte” Railway Company of Spain is created.
The Fenian pro-irish Movement is born.
“The Fenians” an equivalent to the IRB (Irish Republican Brotherhood) are created in New York.
O´Donell becomes the President of the Council of Ministers of Spain.
St Patrick´s Cathedral in Dublin is restored with the financial help of Benjamin Lee Guinness.