SYNCHRONIZED HISTORY. IRL-SPN

-15.000 bC

Magdalenian Man

Magdalenian Man

The cave paintings of the Altamira Caves (Cantabria) belong to the so-called Magdalenian man

-5.000 bC

First Iberian settlers

First Iberian settlers

The first settlers of the Peninsula received the name of Iberians by the Greeks, it is believed that they settled between 5,000 and 3,000 BC. About 500 BC his sculptures began to stand out

-4.200 bC

Big Megalithics contructions

Big Megalithics contructions

Around this era appear the first big megalithics constructions in Ireland

-3.300 bC

Newgrange Burial

Newgrange Burial

Is estimated that aroun 3.300 bC was built the Burial Mound of Newgrange

-3.200 bC

Los Millares “city”, first big settlement in Iberia

Los Millares “city”, first big settlement in Iberia

The settlement and the necropolis of los Millares could be the biggest “city” in the iberian peninsula

-2.700 bC

Giants Ring Henge

Giants Ring Henge

Its supposed that around these years was built the Monument of the Giants Ring Henge in Ireland

-2.500 bC

First Bronze tools

First Bronze tools

Estimated first ellaborations of bronze tools

-1.200 bC

Arrival of Milesians in Ireland

Arrival of Milesians in Ireland

According to the legend about the Iberians Milesios or Milesians, descendants of King Mile of Espáin, they would arrive in Ireland around 1,200 BC, coming from Galicia  

-900 bC

Arrival of the first Celts to the Peninsula

Arrival of the first Celts to the Peninsula

Arrival of the first Celts to the Peninsula, coming from the center of Europe

-500 bC

Arrival Celts to Ireland

Arrival Celts to Ireland

Arrival of first Celts Tribes to Ireland

-450 bC

Cultural Iberians sculptures

Cultural Iberians sculptures

Around V Century bC appears the first iberians sculptures

-139 BC

Viriato Lusitan hero

Viriato Lusitan hero

Viriato, the so-called “terror of Rome”, dies, a Lusitanian leader who faced the expansion of Rome in Hispania in the middle of the second century BC

53 AD

Trajan Emperor

Trajan Emperor

First Hispanic Roman Emperor Trajan born

76 AD

Adrian Emperor

Adrian Emperor

Is born in Hispania Adrian the second Roman hispanic Emperor

117 AD

Hércules Tower

Hércules Tower

Segovia Aqueduct and The Hercules Tower (Coruña) are built (around that year)

200 AD

Tara Kingdom

Tara Kingdom

The High Kingdom of Tara begins

209

Hispania Roman Province

Hispania Roman Province

Hispania becomes a Roman Province

380

Christianity religion

Christianity religion

Christianity begins to be the Religion of the State.

390

First monasteries

First monasteries

First notices of Hispanic moansteries. Toledo Council I.

405

Saint Patrick´s Kidnapping

Saint Patrick´s Kidnapping

At the age of 16 Saint Patrick is Kidnapped and sold as a slave in Northern Ireland.

411

Germanic people´s Arrival

Germanic people´s Arrival

German People stablish in the Iberian Peninsula

438

Shamrock

Shamrock

Saint Patrick uses the Shamrock for the first time to explain the Holy Trinity.

440

Germanic sueves invade Betica (South Peninsula), Tarraconensis (NorthEast) and Vasconia (North).

461

March 17th Saint Patrick

March 17th Saint Patrick

Saint Patrick, Patron of Ireland, dies on March 17.

490

Visigoths in Hispania

Visigoths in Hispania

The Germanic Visigoths arrive in mass into the peninsula.

500

Alembic Perfume

Alembic Perfume

Around this time, Irish Monks bring a Alembic form the middle east to make perfume.

563

St Colum Cille on Iona Island

St Colum Cille on Iona Island

Irish Monk Columba (Colum Cille) settles on the Scottish island of Iona.

565

First destruction of Tara, seat of the Kings of Ireland.

565

St Colum Cille Loch Ness

St Colum Cille Loch Ness

On August 22, Saint Columba claims to have seen a monster in Loch Ness.

565

Justinian´s Death

Justinian´s Death

The emperor Justinian I died, what encoureged the visigoths.

568

Visigoths in Iberia

Visigoths in Iberia

Visigoths begin the conquest of Iberia.

573

Capital Toledo

Capital Toledo

Toledo becomes the capital of the kingdom.

25

Latin Books

Books are written in Latin.

1916

Cerro de los Angeles

Cerro de los Angeles

The Cerro de los Angeles, the monument of the sacred heart, is erected in the geographical center of Spain.

580

Conversion to Catholicism

Conversion to Catholicism

The visigoth King Recared converts to Catholicism.

697

Visigoths conquer Galicia

Visigoths conquer Galicia

Visigoth King Witiza conquered Galicia to the sueves.

697

Tara´s Assembly

Tara´s Assembly

Assembly on Hill of Tara to prevent Irish Women from participating in battle.

711

Muslim Invasion

Muslim Invasion

Muslim Invasion of the Iberian Peninsula.

711

Defeated Britons

Defeated Britons

The Britons are defeated by the Gaelic Kingdom Dalriada.

722

Covadonga Battle

Covadonga Battle

Beginning of the Christian reconquest. Battle of Covadonga (Asturias).

722

Famine

Famine

Intense Famine and Plague in Ireland.

795

Alphons II defeats the muslims

Alphons II defeats the muslims

King Alphons II (the chaste) of Asturias bit the muslims in Astorga. Is the first pilgrim to Santiago de Compostela (The Way)

795

Vikings in Ireland

Vikings in Ireland

Vikings begins the invasion of Ireland.

797

Toledean Night

Toledean Night

“Toledean night” The Emir Alhaken I kills 400 noble of Toledo.

797

Book of Kells

Book of Kells

The “Book of Kells” a graphic manuscript of the 4 Gospels is written.

844

Vikings north of the Peninsula

Vikings north of the Peninsula

First Landing of the Vikings in the North of the peninsula, defeated by Ramiro I of Asturias.

852

Battle of Alberda

Battle of Clavijo or of Alberda, Ramiro I defeated the muslims.

852

Viking in Dublin

Viking in Dublin

Vikings led by Olaf “The White” land in Dublin and destroy the city.

878

Battle of Polvorosa

Battle of Polvorosa

Polvorosa´s Battle (Benavente), the christian King Alfonso III against the muslims.

878

Monks move relics

Monks move relics

Irish Monks move the relics of Saint Columba from the Isle of Iona to Kells (Ireland)

939

Battle of Simancas

Battle of Simancas (Valladolid). Ramiro II de León defeated a 100.000 muslim army.

976

The Great Mosque of Cordoba

The Great Mosque of Cordoba

The Great Mosque of Cordoba is finished and serves as a religious and cultural center.

976

Brian Boru

Brian Boru

Brian Boru is elected as King of Munster.

980

Fuenterrabia´s Castle

Fuenterrabia´s Castle

King Sancho II orders the construction of Fuenterrabia´s Castle in Guipuzcoa (Basque Country).

980

Battle of Tara

Battle of Tara

Battle of Tara, the king of Meath defeats the Vikings.

1000

11th Century

Starts the 11 Century known as the Crusades Century.

1002

Caliphate summit

Caliphate summit

Summit of the Cordoba´s Caliphate in the south of the Iberian Peninsula.

1002

King Brian Boru

King Brian Boru

Brian Boru King of all Ireland.

1014

Normans in Galicia

Normans in Galicia

Normans attack Galicia.

1014

Battle of Clontarf

Battle of Clontarf

Battle of Clontarf: The Irish defeat the Vikings.

1037

Castile and Leon

Castile and Leon

The Union of the Leon and Castile Kingdoms

1037

Irish Language

Irish Language

People in Ireland start to speak a late Irish

1094

El Cid in Valencia

El Cid in Valencia

El Cid conquers Valencia from the muslims (Almoravids)

1100

Bushmills´s whiskey

Bushmills´s whiskey

The Bushmills distillery in northern Ireland begins producing Whiskey.

1118

Conquest of Zaragoza

Conquest of Zaragoza

The king of Aragon, Alfonso “The Battler”, conquers Zaragoza from the muslims.

1169

Alfonso VIII King

Alfonso VIII is crowned King of Castile

1169

Norman Invasion

Norman Invasion

Norman Invasion of Ireland.

1171

Conquest of Teruel

Conquest of Teruel

Conquest and foundation of Teruel.

1171

Henry II in Ireland

Henry II in Ireland

Henry II King of England lands in Ireland.

1212

Battle of Navas de Tolosa

Battle of Navas de Tolosa

Battle of Navas de tolosa marks the end of muslim power in Spain.

1217

Angle-Normands

Angle-Normands

Henry the III of England publishes the Magnae Hibernae to ensure the rights of angle-normands in Ireland.

1218

University of Salamanca

University of Salamanca

The University of Salamanca is founded by King Alfonso IX.

1221

King Alfonso X Born

King Alfonso X Born

King Alfonso X “The wise”, King of Castile and Leon (1252-1284) is born. Begins the Construction of the Burgos Cathedral, first Gothic cathedral in Spain.

1492

America´s Discovery

America´s Discovery

America is discovered by the Kingdom of Spain.

1492

Attempt to ban the Irish language

Attempt to ban the Irish language

The English try to ban the use of the Irish language, but due to its extension is canceled

1492

The End of the Reconquest

The End of the Reconquest

The Reconquest Ends with the capture of Granada

1494

Tordesillas Treaty

Tordesillas Treaty

Tordesillas (Valladolid) Treaty: Distribution of the areas of America between Spain and Portugal.

1494

Irish Parlament Abolition

Irish Parlament Abolition

The Irish Parlament of Drogheda is abolished and its authority returns to Westminster.

1512

Spanish Union

Spanish Union

Navarra becomes a part of Spain. All the Kingdom united.

1514

Multilingual Bible

Multilingual Bible

The First Multilingual Bible is published in Spain by Cisneros Cardinal

1514

It is recognized to have 60 Irish and 30 English as leaders

1522

First Travel around the world

First Travel around the world

Elcano arrives in Spain after completing the first round the world voyage

1526

Indigenous Rights

Indigenous Rights

The Dominican Francisco de Vitoria publishes in Valladolid and Salamanca the Right of Indians (and the Human Rights).

1537

Felipe II

Felipe II

Felipe II was born in Valladolid.

1527

Earl of Kildare sent to Prison

Earl of Kildare sent to Prison

The Earl of Kildare is sent to the Tower of London prison on charges of treason.

1537

Marine Infantry is created

Marine Infantry is created

King Carlos I creates the Spanish Marine Infantry, the first landing force in the world.

1537

Henry VIII King of England

Henry VIII King of England

Henry VIII Protestant King, and contempt for catholics.

1541

Henry VIII King of England and Ireland

Henry VIII King of England and Ireland

Henry VIII declares himself king of England and Ireland.

1553

Scientist Miguel Servet Burned

Scientist Miguel Servet Burned

The Spanish scientist Miguel Servet (discoverer of blood circulation) is burned in Switzerland instigated by the protestant Calvin

1554

Prince Felipe marries Mary I

Prince Felipe marries Mary I

Prince Felipe (Felipe II) gets married with his cousin Mary I of England.

1555

Rome and Ireland

Rome and Ireland

A papal bull reconciles Rome with Ireland.

1556

Reign of Felipe II

Reign of Felipe II

The reign of Felipe II begins

1571

Battle of Lepanto

Battle of Lepanto

Spain defeats Turkey in the battle of Lepanto

1571

First book in Irish

First book in Irish

First Irish language (gaelic) Book printed in Dublin.

1575

Cervantes taken Prisoner

Cervantes taken Prisoner

Miguel de Cervantes is taken prisoner by the berbers

1579

Munter´s uprising

Munter´s uprising

Irish uprising against the English. Spanish troops land in Munster to support them.

1580

Spain, leading world power

Spain, leading world power

Spain becomes the greatest power of the world with Felipe II

1580

Scorched Earth

Scorched Earth

The Irish Earl of Ormond institutes the “scorched earth” policy in Munster.

1580

Independence of the North of Flanders

Independence of the North of Flanders

The North of Flanders (Protestant) of William of Orange becomes independent from Spain.

1580

600 Soldiers of Rome

600 Soldiers of Rome

The 600 soldiers sent by Rome are massacred by the English forces of Walter Raleigh.

1587

Francis Drake sacks Cadiz

Francis Drake sacks Cadiz

The pirate Francis Drake sacks Cadiz (south of Spain) and destroys part of the Spanish Armada

1587

Mary I of Scotland

Mary I of Scotland

The catholic Mary I is executed in England  by Elizabeth I

1588

The Grand Armada sets sail

The Grand Armada sets sail

The Grand Armada leaves Lisbon on May 20 bound for England.

1588

The Grand Armada suffers storms

The Grand Armada suffers storms

The Sapnish Navy in aid of the Irish is shipwrecked by storms on the ulster coast.

1588

Survivor Francisco de Cuellar

Survivor Francisco de Cuellar

Captain Francisco de Cuéllar of the Great Navy is saved from drowning on the Irish coast of Sligo, where more than 1,000 Spanish soldiers drowned. De Cuellar begins to walk through Ireland and writes his famous letter to Felipe II

1590

First Irish College in Valladolid

First Irish College in Valladolid

The first Irish College in Spain is founded.

1590

First Potato in Ireland

First Potato in Ireland

The first potato is planted in Ireland by Sir Walter Raleigh.

1591

Bull running San Fermín

Bull running San Fermín

First Bull running in Pamplona.

1591

Red Hugh escapes from Dublin castle

Red Hugh escapes from Dublin castle

Irish count Red Hugh O´Donell escapes from Dublin Catle Prison.

1592

Trinity College

Trinity College

Trinity College is founded in Dublin.

1596

The Second Armada

The Second Armada

A Spanish Fleet departs from Lisbon to Ireland.

1598

Felipe II dies

Felipe II dies

Felipe II dies at the age of 71, is succeded by his 20 year old son Felipe III.

1598

Irish win in Yellow Ford

Irish win in Yellow Ford

The Irish led by Hugh O´neill defeated the British in the battle of Yellow Ford.

1601

Valladolid the Capital

The Capital of Spain is moved to Valladolid, until 1606.

1602

Juan de Aguila Surrenders

Juan de Aguila Surrenders

Juan de Aguila surrenders in Kinsale to British troops.

1601

Kinsale Battle

Kinsale Battle

Battle of Kinsale with Irish and Spanish against the English.

1602

Red Hugh O´Donell Dies

Red Hugh O´Donell Dies

Red Hugh O´Donell Dies in Simancas (Valladolid).

1603

Guy Fawkes in Valladolid

Guy Fawkes in Valladolid

The English Catholic comes to Valladolid to request help from Felipe III against the Protestant English repression. His image is what inspires the Vendetta mask

1603

Elisabeth I Dies

Elisabeth I Dies

Elisabeth I of England Dies.

1603

Battle of Mellyfont

The English commanded by Lord Mountjoy defeat the Irish.

1604

Peace between Spain and England

Peace between Spain and England

The Peace of London is signed between James I of England and Felipe II of Spain.

1605

Felipe IV

Felipe IV

Felipe IV is Born in Valladolid

1605

Priests outlawed in Ireland

Priests outlawed in Ireland

Jesuits and other Catholic priests are outlawed in Ireland.

1607

University of Oviedo and Pamplona

University of Oviedo and Pamplona

The Universities of Oviedo and Pamplona are founded.

1607

flight earls

Flight of the Earls

The leaders of the main irish tribes head to Spain and Italy seeking aid.

1608

Bushmills´s Whiskey

Bushmills begins distilling its famous Whiskey.

1609

Expulsion of the Moors

Expulsion of the Moors

Felipe III orders the expulsion of the Moors from Spain.

1609

Plantation

Plantation

English Protestants settle in Ireland.

1610

Plantation in Derry

Plantation in Derry

English Protestants Settlers Plantation begins in Derry, renamed Londonderry

1616

Netherlands Fidelity and the Death of Cervantes

Netherlands Fidelity and the Death of Cervantes

Netherlands swers fidelity to Spain. Miguel de Cervantes, the greatest spanish universal writer, dies at 69.

1625

Capture of Breda

Capture of Breda

Capture of Breda (Netherlands) by the Spanish Tercios de Espínola (Picture of the spears)

1625

King Charles I

King Charles I

Charles I is crowned King of England, Ireland and Scotland until his beheading.

1641

Catalan Republic

Catalan Republic

The Catalan Republic is declared to be placed under the Protectorate of France.

1641

Uprising of the Tribes

Uprising of the Tribes

Uprising of the Irish Clans. Thousands of English and Scots are Killed.

1641

Catholic Rebellion Defeated

Catholic Rebellion Defeated

The Catholic rebellion is crushed by Oliver Cromwell, who takes away the land of 44000 irish people.

1648

Netherlands Independence

Netherlands Independence

Spain recognizes the independence of the Netherlands.

1649

Plague in Seville

Plague in Seville

Plague epidemic in Seville

1649

Uprising defeated

Uprising defeated

Cromwell ends Irish Uprising.

1649

Drogheda Destroyed

Drogheda Destroyed

Cromwell devastates Drogheda killing 3.000 inhabitants and destroying Catholic churches.

1651

Limerick ocupation

Limerick ocupation

English troops occupy Limerick.

1652

Barcelona Surrenders

Barcelona Surrenders

Capitulation of Barcelona. End of els Segadors war.

1653

Cromwell

Cromwell gains dictatorial powers as “Lord protector” of England, Ireland and Scotland.

1666

Monte de Piedad

Monte de Piedad

The priest Francisco Piquer, creator of Monte de Piedad, is born.

1667

France and Spain in War

France and Spain in War

Louis XIV of France declares war on Spain for the succession of Felipe IV.

1667

Jonathan Swift

Jonathan Swift

Writer Jonathan Swift (“Gulliver´s travels”) is born in Ireland.

1681

Calderón de la Barca Dies

Calderón de la Barca Dies

The Playwright Calderón de la Barca from “The mayor Zalamea”, Life is a dream”… dies.

1681

Louis XIV sends aid to Ireland

Louis XIV sends aid to Ireland

King Louis XIV of France sends an aid expedition to James II of Ireland.

1939

Spanish Civil War ends

Spanish Civil War ends

The National side defeats the republican side.

1685

University of Bogotá

University of Bogotá

The Dominican Cristóbal Torres creates the University del Rosario in Bogotá (Colombia).

1685

Charles II Dies

Charles II Dies

King Charles II of England dies converting to Catholicism.

1689

Blas de Lezo

Blas de Lezo

The Hero of the Spanish Army Blas de Lezo is Born in Guipuzcoa.

1689

James II arrives in Ireland

James II arrives in Ireland

The Catholic former King of England James II disembarks in Ireland.

1690

Spain in War with France

Spain in War with France

Spain goes to war with France.

1690

Battle of the Boyne

Battle of the Boyne

William of Orange defeats the Catholics.

1697

Spain-France Peace Treaty

Spain-France Peace Treaty

Peace Treaty between France and Spain. Haiti is yielded.

1694

Laws against Catholics

Laws against Catholics

New Laws prohibit burials in Catholic cemeteries and command the exile of all priests.

1700

First Bourbon King

First Bourbon King

First Bourbon King in Spain, Felipe de Anjou.

1700

Pennal Laws

Pennal Laws

Catholics cannot buy land.

1704

Gibraltar Occupation

Gibraltar Occupation

English and Dutch troops occupy Gibraltar.

1704

New Laws

New criminal Laws against land ownership by Irish Catholics.

1721

National Products

National Products

Decree of Felipe V oredering his vassals to only buy national cloths and silks.

1722

Boycott on English Products

Boycott on English Products

Jonathan Swift incites a Boycott on English products.

1727

No Right to vote

No Right to vote

Catholics have no right to vote.

1742

Spanish Caribbean under attack

Spanish Caribbean under attack

An English fleet attacks the Spanish port of Guaira in the Caribbean.

1742

“Messiah”

“Messiah”

Handels´s “Messiah” is first played in public in Dublin.

1753

Canal de Castilla

Canal de Castilla

Construction of the Canal de Castilla begins. To transfer the grain of Castile to the ports of the North of Spain.

1753

Saint Patrick´s Day

Saint Patrick´s Day

St. Patrick´s Day is celebrated for the first time on March 17 in Boston (USA).

1759

Carlos III King of Spain

Carlos III King of Spain

Carlos III accepts the Spanish throne.

1759

Guinness

Guinness

Arthur Guinness buys a distillery in Dublin and starts brewing its stout.

1763

Burgos Cathedral

Burgos Cathedral

The building of Burgos Cathedral is completed.

1776

Wolf Tone is Born

Wolf Tone is Born

Irish Rebel Wolfe Tone is Born.

1776

Sisters of the Presentation

Sisters of the Presentation

Nano Nagle founds the Sisters of the Pesentation. Back when it was a crime for a catholic to teach.

1779

siege of Gibraltar

siege of Gibraltar

Spain in war against England supporting the independence of the United States. Spain Besieges Gibraltar.

1780

Sheeps in Ireland

Sheeps are introduced into Ireland from Scotland.

1785

Spanish Flag

Spanish Flag

The red and yellow flag is appointed as the official Spanish Flag.

1785

Self defense groups

Self defense groups

Ulster Catholic farmers group together in the secret society “The Defenders”.

1796

French fleet defeat

French fleet defeat

French fleet led by Wolfe Tone fails.

1801

Battle of Algeciras

Battle of Algeciras

Spain and France against the English.

1801

Union Act

Union Act

The Parliament of Ireland is moved to England. Originating the Union Jack.

1803

Balmis Expedition

Balmis Expedition

Balmis Expedition against smallpox, which will take the cure to spanish America and the Philippines.

1803

Robert Emmet Hanged

Robert Emmet Hanged

The Irish Nationalist leader Robert Emmet, is hanged.

1808

2nd of May. Spanish Uprising

2nd of May. Spanish Uprising

Spanish Popular uprising against the French invasion.

1808

The veto of Controversy

The veto of Controversy

The Veto of Controversy prevents Catholics from being appointed to bishop vacancies.

1812

La Pepa

La Pepa

The First Spanish Constitution (La Pepa) is created.

1812

Martello Towers

Martello Towers

The English build the “Martello” towers to protect the ports from the French.

1818

Casa de la Beneficencia

Casa de la Beneficencia

General Carlos O´Donell founds the Casa de la Beneficencia in Valladolid.

1832

Uprising in Granja

Uprising in Granja

Uprising in Granja (Segovia) by the Carlist suitors against King Fernando VII.

1837

New Constitution 1837

New Constitution 1837

New Spanish constitution, with peaceful alternations of political parties and parlamentary monarchy.

1832

Cholera Epidemic

Cholera Epidemic

Cholera epidemic in Ireland.

1843

First Railways

First Railways

First railways in Ireland.

1845

Narvaez´s Constitution

Narvaez´s Constitution

A conservative constitution is created.

1845

Great Famine

Great Famine

More than One Million dead and exiled Irish people.

1847

First Spanish Railway

First Spanish Railway

The First Spanish railway is created.

1847

Irish Emigration

Irish Emigration

Massive emigration of Irish people to the USA, Canada and Australia.

1858

Norte Railway Company

Norte Railway Company

“Norte” Railway Company of Spain is created.

1858

Fenian Movement

Fenian Movement

The Fenian pro-irish Movement is born.

1859

Spanish-Moroccan war

General O´Donell.

1859

The Fenians

The Fenians

“The Fenians” an equivalent to the IRB (Irish Republican Brotherhood) are created in New York.

1865

O´Donell President

O´Donell President

O´Donell becomes the President of the Council of Ministers of Spain.

1865

Saint Patrick´s Cathedral

Saint Patrick´s Cathedral

St Patrick´s Cathedral in Dublin is restored with the financial help of Benjamin Lee Guinness.