SYNCHRONIZED HISTORY. IRL-SPN

1998

Peace Process

Peace Process

Peace Process and Good Friday Agreement.

1994

Protestant Ceasefire

Protestant Ceasefire

Ceasefire of the Protestant Militias (UVF, UDA, UFF)

1994

IRA ceasefire

IRA ceasefire

Ceasefire of IRA.

1992

Barcelona Olympics, AVE and Expo Sevilla

Barcelona Olympics, AVE and Expo Sevilla

Olympics in Barcelona, First AVE line (High Speed Train) in Spain Madrid-Seville and a universal exhibition in Seville.

1991

The Birmingham six and the Guilford Four

The Birmingham six and the Guilford Four

The Birmingham six and the Guilford four (“In the name of the father ” Film) Unfairly accused are released after fifteen Years in prison.

1990

Mary Robinson Elected

Mary Robinson Elected

Mary Robinson is elected President of the Republic of Ireland, becoming the first female president.

1988

Gunman kills at Burial

Gunman kills at Burial

Pro-British Gunman kills 3 attendees at the Burial of three IRA members in Belfast.

1988

IRA killed in Gibraltar

IRA killed in Gibraltar

British Army kills three unarmed IRA members in Gibraltar.

1987

British Ambush

British Ambush

British Army ambush and kill eight IRA members and one civilian.

1987

ETA bombing

ETA bombing

ETA attacks on Hipercor and the barracks in Zaragoza: 32 killed.

1986

Referendum Divorce

Referendum Divorce

Referendum in Ireland rejects divorce.

1986

Spain in the EEC

Spain in the EEC

Spain joins the EEC.

1982

Ireland Opposes to Sanctions

Ireland Opposes to Sanctions

Ireland opposes to european sanctions against Argentina during the falklands war.

1982

Socialist Goverment

Socialist Goverment

First Socialist goverment of democracy in Spain.

1981

Bobby Sands Dies

Bobby Sands Dies

Bobby Sands (Sinn Fein) dies in Hunger Strike.

1981

Coup D´Etat Attempt

Coup D´Etat Attempt

Coup d´etat attempted by Tejero.

1980

Hunger Strikes

Hunger Strikes

Hunger strikes of IRA prisoners begin.

1977

Fianna Fail re-elected

Fianna Fail re-elected

Liberal nationalist Jack Linch´s Fianna Fail re-elected.

1980

Industrial Reconversion

Industrial Reconversion

Industrial reconversion begins with serious labor disputes in shipyards and mines.

1977

First Elections

First Elections

First general elections in Spain after the Franco regime.

1975

Ceasefire

Ceasefire

The IRA accepts a ceasefire that will only last ten months.

1975

Franco dies

Franco dies

Franco dies and the Constitutional Regime begins.

1973

IRA intensifies

IRA intensifies

IRA steps up the bomb campaign.

1973

ETA attacks

ETA attacks

ETA (Terrorist Organization) kills the Spanish president of the Goverment, Luis Carrero Blanco in a bomb attack.

1972

EEC

EEC

Ireland enters the EEC.

1972

Spain-USSR trades

Spain-USSR trades

Trade protocol between Spain and the USSR.

1972

Bloody Sunday

Bloody Sunday

13 Irish civilians killed by the British Army.

1972

124 Sport

124 Sport

The Legendary SEAT 124 sport is manufactured.

1971

UDA

UDA

The protestant militia UDA is born.

1971

Interment

Interment

The British goverment retaliates in Northern Ireland.

1971

Dama de Baza

Dama de Baza

The Dama de Baza sculpture (4th century BC) appears in an archaelogical excavation in Granada.

1969

Battle of the Bogside

Battle of the Bogside

The Battle of the Bogside takes place in Derry.

1969

Juan Carlos

Juan Carlos

Juan Carlos de Borbón is proclaimed Prince of Spain.

1966

“Prince of Donegal”

“Prince of Donegal”

Walt Disney Launches the “Prince of Donegal” movie based on irish clans struggles and Red Hugh O´Donell.

1966

La 2

La 2

The Television channel La 2 of RTVE (Spanish Radio Television) is created.

1963

JFK in Dublin

JFK in Dublin

The President of the United States, John Fitzgerald Kennedy, of Irish descent, visits Dublin.

1963

USO and CCOO

USO and CCOO

The workers unions USO and CCOO (Workers Commisions) are created.

1955

Guinness Record

Guinness Record

The Guinness Record is created in Dublin, supported by the Guinness Distillery.

1955

Spain in the UN

Spain in the UN

Spain enters the UN.

1955

United Nations

United Nations

Ireland joins the League of Nations.

1955

SEAT

SEAT

The First SEAT Factory is founded.

1951

De Valera in Derry

De Valera in Derry

De Valera visits Derry for the first time.

1951

FASA Renault

FASA Renault

FASA Renault (car manufacturer) is created in valladolid.

1948

Irish Republic

Irish Republic

The Republic of Ireland is declared in the South.

1948

Disability Insurance

Disability Insurance

The mandatory Disability Insurance (SOVI) is created.

1945

Naval Base in Derry

Naval Base in Derry

Derry becomes a US naval base during WWII.

1945

ENASA

ENASA

ENASA (National Auto Truck Company) is created which will manufacture the PEGASO truck.

1942

Health Insurance

The mandatory Health Insurance is created in Spain.

1941

Belfast Bombing

Belfast Bombing

German bombing over Belfast.

1941

RENFE

RENFE

Creation of RENFE (National Network of Spanish Railways).

1940

Spain Neutral

Spain Neutral

Spain does not participate in WWII after the request of Hitler.

1939

Northern Ireland in the WWII

Northern Ireland in the WWII

World War II begins, and will affect Northern Ireland.

1939

IRA

The IRA (Irish Republican Army) begins a bombing campaign in England.

1937

Irish Constitution

Irish Catholic Constitution.

1937

Largo Caballero writes to Stalin

Largo Caballero writes to Stalin

Largo Caballero writes to Stalin thanking him for his collaboration in the civil war.

1936

Spanish Civil War

Spanish Civil War

Civil war begins in Spain.

1936

The Irish in the Spanish civil war

The Irish in the Spanish civil war

Irish people arrive in Spain to fight in support on both sides.

1933

Falange Española

Falange Española

Jose Antonio Primo de Rivera founds Falange Española.

1927

Fianna Fail

Fianna Fail

Eammon de Valera founds the Fianna Fail party.

1923

Maternity Insurance

Mandatory Maternity insurance is created.

1923

Yeats

Yeats

Irish poet Yeats wins the Nobel prize for Literature.

1923

Spanish coup d´etat

Spanish coup d´etat

General Primo de Rivera leads a coup d´etat with the support of King Alfonso XIII.

1922

Irish Civil War

Irish Civil War

Civil War between the supporters of the division of Ireland and the opposers of the division treaty.

1921

Partition of Ireland

Partition of Ireland

Island of Ireland Partition Treaty.

1921

Annual defeat

Annual defeat

Spain suffers the defeat of Annual against Morocco.

1918

Spanish Flu

Spanish Flu

Virus alarm coming from Europe and America that caused more than One Million deaths.

1918

Sinn Fein

Sinn Fein

Sinn Fein wins Irish Parliament election.

1916

Easter Rising

Easter Rising

Uprising against the English.

1912

Titanic in Belfast

Titanic in Belfast

The world’s largest cruise ship, the Titanic, is built in Belfast, at the Harland and Wolff shipyards

1910

CNT

CNT

The CNT Anarchist Union (National Confederation of Workers) is born in Spain.

1898

Spain Loses Cuba

Spain Loses Cuba

Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Philippines becomes independent from Spain.

1897

Dama de Elche

Dama de Elche

The Dama de Elche, appears in a excavation (Iberian art from the 5th century BC).

1896

James Connolly

James Connolly

James Connolly founds the Irish Republican Socialist Party.

1887

Gregorio Marañon is Born

Gregorio Marañon is Born

Doctor Gregorio Marañon, researcher, historian and essayist is born in Madrid.

1884

World´s First Submarine

World´s First Submarine

The inventor and menber of the Armada Isaac Peral invents and builds the world's first electric submarine and that launched torpedoes.

1884

The inventor Fergusson is born

The inventor Fergusson is born

Harry Fergusson (known by the Massey-Fergusson) was born in the Dromore area (County Down),he will be the inventor of a type of Tractor, a Monoplane in which he will fly, and a Formula I car with 4-wheel traction

1886

Parnell

Parnell

Parnell tries to get self-goverment for Ireland.

1870

Boycott concept

Boycott concept

The Boycott concept is Born in Ireland, when Irish farmers rose up against the English administrator of their lands, Charles C. Boycott.

1865

Saint Patrick´s Cathedral

Saint Patrick´s Cathedral

St Patrick´s Cathedral in Dublin is restored with the financial help of Benjamin Lee Guinness.

1865

O´Donell President

O´Donell President

O´Donell becomes the President of the Council of Ministers of Spain.

1859

The Fenians

The Fenians

“The Fenians” an equivalent to the IRB (Irish Republican Brotherhood) are created in New York.

1859

Spanish-Moroccan war

General O´Donell.

1858

Fenian Movement

Fenian Movement

The Fenian pro-irish Movement is born.

1858

Norte Railway Company

Norte Railway Company

“Norte” Railway Company of Spain is created.

1847

Irish Emigration

Irish Emigration

Massive emigration of Irish people to the USA, Canada and Australia.

1847

First Spanish Railway

First Spanish Railway

The First Spanish railway is created.

1845

Great Famine

Great Famine

More than One Million dead and exiled Irish people.

1845

Narvaez´s Constitution

Narvaez´s Constitution

A conservative constitution is created.

1843

First Railways

First Railways

First railways in Ireland.

1832

Cholera Epidemic

Cholera Epidemic

Cholera epidemic in Ireland.

1837

New Constitution 1837

New Constitution 1837

New Spanish constitution, with peaceful alternations of political parties and parlamentary monarchy.

1832

Uprising in Granja

Uprising in Granja

Uprising in Granja (Segovia) by the Carlist suitors against King Fernando VII.

1818

Casa de la Beneficencia

Casa de la Beneficencia

General Carlos O´Donell founds the Casa de la Beneficencia in Valladolid.

1812

Martello Towers

Martello Towers

The English build the “Martello” towers to protect the ports from the French.

1812

La Pepa

La Pepa

The First Spanish Constitution (La Pepa) is created.

1808

The veto of Controversy

The veto of Controversy

The Veto of Controversy prevents Catholics from being appointed to bishop vacancies.

1808

2nd of May. Spanish Uprising

2nd of May. Spanish Uprising

Spanish Popular uprising against the French invasion.

1803

Robert Emmet Hanged

Robert Emmet Hanged

The Irish Nationalist leader Robert Emmet, is hanged.

1803

Balmis Expedition

Balmis Expedition

Balmis Expedition against smallpox, which will take the cure to spanish America and the Philippines.

1801

Union Act

Union Act

The Parliament of Ireland is moved to England. Originating the Union Jack.

1801

Battle of Algeciras

Battle of Algeciras

Spain and France against the English.

1796

French fleet defeat

French fleet defeat

French fleet led by Wolfe Tone fails.

1785

Self defense groups

Self defense groups

Ulster Catholic farmers group together in the secret society “The Defenders”.

1785

Spanish Flag

Spanish Flag

The red and yellow flag is appointed as the official Spanish Flag.

1780

Sheeps in Ireland

Sheeps are introduced into Ireland from Scotland.

1779

siege of Gibraltar

siege of Gibraltar

Spain in war against England supporting the independence of the United States. Spain Besieges Gibraltar.

1776

Sisters of the Presentation

Sisters of the Presentation

Nano Nagle founds the Sisters of the Pesentation. Back when it was a crime for a catholic to teach.

1776

Wolf Tone is Born

Wolf Tone is Born

Irish Rebel Wolfe Tone is Born.

1763

Burgos Cathedral

Burgos Cathedral

The building of Burgos Cathedral is completed.

1759

Guinness

Guinness

Arthur Guinness buys a distillery in Dublin and starts brewing its stout.

1759

Carlos III King of Spain

Carlos III King of Spain

Carlos III accepts the Spanish throne.

1753

Saint Patrick´s Day

Saint Patrick´s Day

St. Patrick´s Day is celebrated for the first time on March 17 in Boston (USA).

1753

Canal de Castilla

Canal de Castilla

Construction of the Canal de Castilla begins. To transfer the grain of Castile to the ports of the North of Spain.

1742

“Messiah”

“Messiah”

Handels´s “Messiah” is first played in public in Dublin.

1742

Spanish Caribbean under attack

Spanish Caribbean under attack

An English fleet attacks the Spanish port of Guaira in the Caribbean.

1727

No Right to vote

No Right to vote

Catholics have no right to vote.

1722

Boycott on English Products

Boycott on English Products

Jonathan Swift incites a Boycott on English products.

1721

National Products

National Products

Decree of Felipe V oredering his vassals to only buy national cloths and silks.

1704

New Laws

New criminal Laws against land ownership by Irish Catholics.

1704

Gibraltar Occupation

Gibraltar Occupation

English and Dutch troops occupy Gibraltar.

1700

Pennal Laws

Pennal Laws

Catholics cannot buy land.

1700

First Bourbon King

First Bourbon King

First Bourbon King in Spain, Felipe de Anjou.

1694

Laws against Catholics

Laws against Catholics

New Laws prohibit burials in Catholic cemeteries and command the exile of all priests.

1697

Spain-France Peace Treaty

Spain-France Peace Treaty

Peace Treaty between France and Spain. Haiti is yielded.

1690

Battle of the Boyne

Battle of the Boyne

William of Orange defeats the Catholics.

1690

Spain in War with France

Spain in War with France

Spain goes to war with France.

1689

James II arrives in Ireland

James II arrives in Ireland

The Catholic former King of England James II disembarks in Ireland.

1689

Blas de Lezo

Blas de Lezo

The Hero of the Spanish Army Blas de Lezo is Born in Guipuzcoa.

1685

Charles II Dies

Charles II Dies

King Charles II of England dies converting to Catholicism.

1685

University of Bogotá

University of Bogotá

The Dominican Cristóbal Torres creates the University del Rosario in Bogotá (Colombia).

1681

Louis XIV sends aid to Ireland

Louis XIV sends aid to Ireland

King Louis XIV of France sends an aid expedition to James II of Ireland.

1939

Spanish Civil War ends

Spanish Civil War ends

The National side defeats the republican side.

1681

Calderón de la Barca Dies

Calderón de la Barca Dies

The Playwright Calderón de la Barca from “The mayor Zalamea”, Life is a dream”… dies.

1667

Jonathan Swift

Jonathan Swift

Writer Jonathan Swift (“Gulliver´s travels”) is born in Ireland.

1667

France and Spain in War

France and Spain in War

Louis XIV of France declares war on Spain for the succession of Felipe IV.

1666

Monte de Piedad

Monte de Piedad

The priest Francisco Piquer, creator of Monte de Piedad, is born.

1653

Cromwell

Cromwell gains dictatorial powers as “Lord protector” of England, Ireland and Scotland.

1652

Barcelona Surrenders

Barcelona Surrenders

Capitulation of Barcelona. End of els Segadors war.

1651

Limerick ocupation

Limerick ocupation

English troops occupy Limerick.

1649

Drogheda Destroyed

Drogheda Destroyed

Cromwell devastates Drogheda killing 3.000 inhabitants and destroying Catholic churches.

1649

Uprising defeated

Uprising defeated

Cromwell ends Irish Uprising.

1649

Plague in Seville

Plague in Seville

Plague epidemic in Seville

1648

Netherlands Independence

Netherlands Independence

Spain recognizes the independence of the Netherlands.

1641

Catholic Rebellion Defeated

Catholic Rebellion Defeated

The Catholic rebellion is crushed by Oliver Cromwell, who takes away the land of 44000 irish people.

1641

Uprising of the Tribes

Uprising of the Tribes

Uprising of the Irish Clans. Thousands of English and Scots are Killed.

1641

Catalan Republic

Catalan Republic

The Catalan Republic is declared to be placed under the Protectorate of France.

1625

King Charles I

King Charles I

Charles I is crowned King of England, Ireland and Scotland until his beheading.

1625

Capture of Breda

Capture of Breda

Capture of Breda (Netherlands) by the Spanish Tercios de Espínola (Picture of the spears)

1616

Netherlands Fidelity and the Death of Cervantes

Netherlands Fidelity and the Death of Cervantes

Netherlands swers fidelity to Spain. Miguel de Cervantes, the greatest spanish universal writer, dies at 69.

1610

Plantation in Derry

Plantation in Derry

English Protestants Settlers Plantation begins in Derry, renamed Londonderry

1609

Plantation

Plantation

English Protestants settle in Ireland.

1609

Expulsion of the Moors

Expulsion of the Moors

Felipe III orders the expulsion of the Moors from Spain.

1608

Bushmills´s Whiskey

Bushmills begins distilling its famous Whiskey.

1607

flight earls

Flight of the Earls

The leaders of the main irish tribes head to Spain and Italy seeking aid.

1607

University of Oviedo and Pamplona

University of Oviedo and Pamplona

The Universities of Oviedo and Pamplona are founded.

1605

Priests outlawed in Ireland

Priests outlawed in Ireland

Jesuits and other Catholic priests are outlawed in Ireland.

1605

Felipe IV

Felipe IV

Felipe IV is Born in Valladolid

1604

Peace between Spain and England

Peace between Spain and England

The Peace of London is signed between James I of England and Felipe II of Spain.

1603

Battle of Mellyfont

The English commanded by Lord Mountjoy defeat the Irish.

1603

Elisabeth I Dies

Elisabeth I Dies

Elisabeth I of England Dies.

1603

Guy Fawkes in Valladolid

Guy Fawkes in Valladolid

The English Catholic comes to Valladolid to request help from Felipe III against the Protestant English repression. His image is what inspires the Vendetta mask

1602

Red Hugh O´Donell Dies

Red Hugh O´Donell Dies

Red Hugh O´Donell Dies in Simancas (Valladolid).

1602

Juan de Aguila Surrenders

Juan de Aguila Surrenders

Juan de Aguila surrenders in Kinsale to British troops.

1601

Kinsale Battle

Kinsale Battle

Battle of Kinsale with Irish and Spanish against the English.

1601

Valladolid the Capital

The Capital of Spain is moved to Valladolid, until 1606.

1598

Irish win in Yellow Ford

Irish win in Yellow Ford

The Irish led by Hugh O´neill defeated the British in the battle of Yellow Ford.

1598

Felipe II dies

Felipe II dies

Felipe II dies at the age of 71, is succeded by his 20 year old son Felipe III.

1596

The Second Armada

The Second Armada

A Spanish Fleet departs from Lisbon to Ireland.

1592

Trinity College

Trinity College

Trinity College is founded in Dublin.

1591

Red Hugh escapes from Dublin castle

Red Hugh escapes from Dublin castle

Irish count Red Hugh O´Donell escapes from Dublin Catle Prison.

1591

Bull running San Fermín

Bull running San Fermín

First Bull running in Pamplona.

1590

First Potato in Ireland

First Potato in Ireland

The first potato is planted in Ireland by Sir Walter Raleigh.

1590

First Irish College in Valladolid

First Irish College in Valladolid

The first Irish College in Spain is founded.

1588

Survivor Francisco de Cuellar

Survivor Francisco de Cuellar

Captain Francisco de Cuéllar of the Great Navy is saved from drowning on the Irish coast of Sligo, where more than 1,000 Spanish soldiers drowned. De Cuellar begins to walk through Ireland and writes his famous letter to Felipe II

1588

The Grand Armada suffers storms

The Grand Armada suffers storms

The Sapnish Navy in aid of the Irish is shipwrecked by storms on the ulster coast.

1588

The Grand Armada sets sail

The Grand Armada sets sail

The Grand Armada leaves Lisbon on May 20 bound for England.

1587

Mary I of Scotland

Mary I of Scotland

The catholic Mary I is executed in England  by Elizabeth I

1587

Francis Drake sacks Cadiz

Francis Drake sacks Cadiz

The pirate Francis Drake sacks Cadiz (south of Spain) and destroys part of the Spanish Armada

1580

600 Soldiers of Rome

600 Soldiers of Rome

The 600 soldiers sent by Rome are massacred by the English forces of Walter Raleigh.

1580

Independence of the North of Flanders

Independence of the North of Flanders

The North of Flanders (Protestant) of William of Orange becomes independent from Spain.

1580

Scorched Earth

Scorched Earth

The Irish Earl of Ormond institutes the “scorched earth” policy in Munster.

1580

Spain, leading world power

Spain, leading world power

Spain becomes the greatest power of the world with Felipe II

1579

Munter´s uprising

Munter´s uprising

Irish uprising against the English. Spanish troops land in Munster to support them.

1575

Cervantes taken Prisoner

Cervantes taken Prisoner

Miguel de Cervantes is taken prisoner by the berbers

1571

First book in Irish

First book in Irish

First Irish language (gaelic) Book printed in Dublin.

1571

Battle of Lepanto

Battle of Lepanto

Spain defeats Turkey in the battle of Lepanto

1556

Reign of Felipe II

Reign of Felipe II

The reign of Felipe II begins

1555

Rome and Ireland

Rome and Ireland

A papal bull reconciles Rome with Ireland.

1554

Prince Felipe marries Mary I

Prince Felipe marries Mary I

Prince Felipe (Felipe II) gets married with his cousin Mary I of England.

1553

Scientist Miguel Servet Burned

Scientist Miguel Servet Burned

The Spanish scientist Miguel Servet (discoverer of blood circulation) is burned in Switzerland instigated by the protestant Calvin

1541

Henry VIII King of England and Ireland

Henry VIII King of England and Ireland

Henry VIII declares himself king of England and Ireland.

1537

Henry VIII King of England

Henry VIII King of England

Henry VIII Protestant King, and contempt for catholics.

1537

Marine Infantry is created

Marine Infantry is created

King Carlos I creates the Spanish Marine Infantry, the first landing force in the world.

1527

Earl of Kildare sent to Prison

Earl of Kildare sent to Prison

The Earl of Kildare is sent to the Tower of London prison on charges of treason.

1537

Felipe II

Felipe II

Felipe II was born in Valladolid.

1526

Indigenous Rights

Indigenous Rights

The Dominican Francisco de Vitoria publishes in Valladolid and Salamanca the Right of Indians (and the Human Rights).

1522

First Travel around the world

First Travel around the world

Elcano arrives in Spain after completing the first round the world voyage

1514

It is recognized to have 60 Irish and 30 English as leaders

1514

Multilingual Bible

Multilingual Bible

The First Multilingual Bible is published in Spain by Cisneros Cardinal